Bronze Age

24-36 Bell Street, Reigate

Excavation by D W Williams for SCC, London & Metropolitan PLC and Reigate & Banstead BC of sites beneath the former showrooms of Reigate Garage. On the southern site there was little evidence for medieval activity except for an area of heat-reddened brickearth and associated shell-tempered pottery. The site was possibly cultivated until the late 16th century when a building was constructed of which fragments were identified between modern disturbances. This was probably a millhouse.

Reigate Priory Park

Excavation by D W Williams for HAG following report of BA finds located by metal detector revealed 36 prehistoric sherds of probable LBA date but no features. The original metal finds were a socketed axe and seven pieces of copper cake. A small fragment of a sword blade is said to have come from a spot nearby, and another piece of copper cake from the Park some years ago. (241)

South Farm, Lightwater

Sixth season of excavation by G H Cole for SHAHT. Two distinct areas were examined. In the first a rectangular well was found and dated to before AD 200; it was severely disturbed by a ditch whose fill was dated cAD 200-250 and by the construction of a cesspit of cAD 1780. The second area produced worked flint dated Mesolithic/Neolithic and a barbed and tanged arrowhead. Late Iron Age pottery was found and part of a late 1st or early 2nd century AD Romanised building indicated by beam slots and said to have sand or gravel floors.

Matthew Arnold School, Staines

Further excavation by P M G Jones for SCAU and SCC (Property Services Department) confirmed the medieval date of 'Caesar's Camp' (formerly supposed to be RB), although its function is still obscure. It was probably constructed in the 12th century and backfilled by the 14th. Traces of BA settlement were located including ditches and a pit. (report in SyAC 94)

Church Lammas, Staines

Excavation by G N Hayman for SCAU and Greenham Construction Materials Ltd in advance of gravel extraction showed that an earthwork known from aerial photographs was post-medieval but located nearby evidence for an enclosure of EBA date.

Bocketts Farm and Thorncroft area, Leatherhead

Report on detailed fieldwalking of 96ha (237 acres) by S P Dyer and Judie English for the SyAS Surrey Historic Landscapes Project Team. A thin scatter of worked flint was found throughout the area; mostly Neolithic with some Mesolithic and some BA. Sherds of Neolithic and BA pottery were also found. Aerial photographic evidence shows that the higher ground around Bocketts Farm is covered by a Celtic field system, perhaps to be associated with the known occupation site at Hawks Hill, but no Iron Age pottery has yet been found.

Home Farm, Laleham

Evaluation in advance of gravel extraction by G N Hayman for SCAU and Greenham Construction Materials Ltd revealed two concentrations of prehistoric features, including pits and a probable boundary ditch. The fill of these produced BA pottery, but a couple of the pits also contained concentrations of cremated human bone. (262)

Church Lammas, Staines

Excavation by G N Hayman for SCAU and Greenham Construction Materials Ltd of the enclosure identified during evaluation in 1990. The enclosure was found to be rectangular, bounded by a ditch on three sides with a small entrance in both the north and east sides. Within this enclosure was found a ditched feature, 10 metres square, roughly central to which was a large near-vertical sided, flat-bottomed pit. Finds from these features were relatively few, but consisted of struck flints and pot sherds, which indicated an early to middle BA date

Tongham Road, Runfold

Excavation following on from evaluation in 1991, in advance of the Runfold diversion, part of the Blackwater Valley Route, by Graham Hayman of SCAU for SCC. A number of prehistoric pits, some possibly used in association with food preparation, were recorded. A provisional examination of the associated pottery has identified sherds of Bronze Age and Iron Age date. A number of Roman features included pits and ditches, one of which was possibly part of an enclosure. Associated pottery appeared to include early and late Roman material. (272

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