Evaluation by J Robertson of SCAU, for BFI Ltd, of two areas permitted for mineral extraction, produced little of archaeological interest except for an area centred at SU 861 473. Here no features were revealed, but numerous finds of both prehistoric and Roman date were recovered. Analysis of the soils from which these finds were recovered indicates that they are essentially hillwash. This suggests occupation nearby, on higher ground, in both the prehistoric and Roman periods. Unfortunately, the area of higher ground adjacent has previously been quarried.
A rapid survey of the common was undertaken by I Dormor for SCC’s Planning Dept, as part of an ongoing project examining Areas of Historic Landscape Value. A survey of the group of barrows (SU 853 406) overlooking Frensham Great Pond was undertaken by the RCHME, for SyAS, in advance of restoration works - much of the damage to the barrows is thought to be the result of WWII activity. (310) Work by A & K D Graham of SyAS identified a number of other possible barrow sites around the Great Pond. (301)
Evaluation by J Robertson of SCAU, for R Stilgoe, of an area proposed for an extension to the lake created in 1994, when a watching brief recorded a pit containing Late Iron Age/Romano-British pottery. The evaluation confirmed that the London-Lewes Roman Road runs only about 15 metres west of the alignment indicated by the Ordnance Survey. The road has clearly suffered damage since it fell out of use, probably as a result of ploughing. There was no sign of the expected side ditches. Numerous finds were recovered, indicating occupation in the near vicinity during the Roman period.
Evaluation by N Elsden of MoLAS, for Lynton plc and Birse Construction, of a site proposed for redevelopment, revealed a number of features thought to indicate the remains of a prehistoric field system. Excavation and a watching brief on the development was subsequently carried out by H Knight of MoLAS. At least two phases of Middle Bronze Age activity were recorded, relating to the division of the area into fields. Subsequently, in the medieval period, the area was again divided into fields.
Evaluation by S Ford of TVAS for the Environment Agency of the area proposed for a flood relief channel adjacent to the River Colne. Most of the trial trenches were negative, but at the northern end of the proposed channel a pit containing burnt flint and a fragment of prehistoric, possibly Bronze Age, pottery was identified. A spread of burnt flint and charcoal adjoining this feature produced a similar sherd of pottery. (319)
Evaluation by G Hayman of SCAU, for Greenham Construction Materials Ltd, of an area proposed for mineral extraction (and a flood relief channel) identified a silty deposit containing worked flint, sherds of prehistoric (probably Bronze Age) pottery and a couple of sherds of Roman pottery, which overlay a buried river channel. (314)
Evaluation and subsequent excavation by J McKinley of Wessex, for MEPC, was carried out in advance of the redevelopment of the estate. The evaluation identified three broad zones within the site: the edge of the town gravel island, a broad alluvium filled channel to the north and, beyond this, a second gravel island. Subsequent work concentrated on the two islands. Excavation on the northern island (centred at TQ 033 719) recorded part of an enclosure/field system of Bronze Age date and another of Roman date, as well as agricultural features from the medieval period.
Evaluation by D Hopkinson of AOC, on behalf of Nicholas King Homes, in advance of residential redevelopment revealed a number of features, including a possible cultivation mark containing a sherd of mid to late Bronze Age pottery. Subsequently an area excavation was carried out by R Entwistle of AOC and a watching brief was also maintained on the development. A small assemblage of Mesolithic flints was recovered, as well as some sherds of Neolithic and early Bronze Age pottery.
Evaluation by G Hayman of SCAU of Phase 5 (and parts of 6A and 9) of this mineral extraction site, for Greenham Construction Materials Ltd, revealed a number of features of prehistoric date. Subsequent area excavation (centred TQ 062 686) revealed a number of small pits and post holes and a substantial waterlogged pit -believed to be a waterhole, all likely to be of Bronze Age date. Two ditches found running roughly parallel to one another, six metres apart, could be the remains of a contemporaneous trackway. (311, 314)
Evaluation and subsequent excavation by R Taylor-Wilson of PCA, for Crest Homes, of this redevelopment site adjacent to the Thames. Struck flints recovered indicate Later Neolithic and Bronze Age settlement in the near vicinity, with some indication of Later Mesolithic or Early Neolithic activity as well. The site was most extensively occupied in the Later Iron Age, when a settlement, probably a small farmstead, was established, the main focus of which was outside the excavated area. The main features excavated were a series of enclosure ditches and numerous pits and postholes.