Bronze Age

Vicarage Road, Sunbury

Evaluation trial trenching by S P Dyer for SCAU and Thameswey Homes Ltd revealed probably BA features including pits and a ditch. (278) The subsequent excavation by Graham Hayman of SCAU, for Thameswey Homes Ltd, produced evidence for more than one phase of use in the early-middle Bronze Age. Excavated features included two large pits, identified as waterholes, which were waterlogged, preserving organic materials not normally found on archaeological sites. One piece of preserved wood is thought to have been the base of a bucket.

Home Farm, Laleham

Field walking in advance of gravel extraction, by Graham Hayman of SCAU for Greenham Construction Materials Ltd and Tarmac Roadstone Ltd, revealed concentrations of struck flint of Neolithic or Bronze Age date. A wide variety of tools was represented, including scrapers, awls, burins and arrowheads, and the presence of cores and hammerstones, as well as a large number of waste flakes, indicated that flint working was taking place in the vicinity.

Coldharbour Lane, Thorpe

Fieldwalking of an area proposed for mineral extraction carried out by Graham Hayman of SCAU for Hall Aggregates (Thames Valley) Ltd produced 34 pieces of struck flint, randomly distributed over the site. No diagnostic pieces were recovered, but most of the pieces are probably Neolithic or Bronze Age in date.

Thorpe Lea Nurseries, Egham

Evaluation by trial trenching in advance of gravel extraction, by Graham Hayman of SCAU for Hall Aggregates Ltd, adjacent to an area where work in 1989/90 had revealed Bronze Age and Roman features, revealed more extensive features, indicating occupation of mid-late Iron Age to 4th century date, with some evidence from the Bronze Age.

Grange Road, Tongham

Evaluation and subsequent formal excavation in advance of the Runfold diversion, part of the Blackwater Valley Route, by Graham Hayman of SCAU for SCC, recorded a range of features including ditches, postholes, pits and a small four-post structure. Provisional examination of the pottery suggests that features of Neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman and medieval date were present. A few sherds of Saxon pottery were also discovered. (273)

Thursley Common

Evaluation by D Graham of the westernmost of the mounds on the common, which J Corcoran examined in 1959 and decided were natural mounds of windblown sand. A rectangular pit was located at the centre of the mound and an unusually deep ditch was found to circle the mound, there is therefore little doubt that the mound is artificial. Samples of the mound’s core were taken for palaeo-environmental assessment. (298; see report in SyAC 91, 151-166)

2-8 High Street, Staines

An evaluation by G Hayman of SCAU for Pearce Construction (South East) Ltd, of a redevelopment site in the centre of the town, found that some of the site had been damaged by the construction of modern basements, but that extensive stratigraphy survived elsewhere. A sequence of prehistoric, Roman and medieval deposits was recorded. Subsequent excavation was carried out by T Ennis of Tempus Reparatum. The earliest activity on the site appears to have been Late Bronze Age, followed by occupation in the Late Iron Age or early Roman period.

Land at Home Farm, Laleham

Evaluation by G Hayman of SCAU for Greenham Construction Materials and Tarmac Roadstone Ltd, of phase 4 of mineral extraction at this site, followed on from evaluation and excavation of the earlier phases in previous years. Two areas of archaeological interest, both occupying slightly elevated positions, were noted and subsequently excavated. A variety of features, mainly Middle or Late Bronze Age but including some Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age, were recorded. Finds included fragments of perforated clay slabs, which are typically Late Bronze Age.

Wey Manor Farm, Addlestone

Evaluation in 1994 of the first phases (centred TQ 062 630) proposed for mineral extraction, by Graham Hayman of SCAU on behalf of Ready Mixed Concrete (United Kingdom) Ltd. The area adjacent to the river Wey was found to consist of flood plain deposits and no features or finds of archaeological interest were recovered. The remaining areas produced evidence for numerous archaeological features indicating a concentration of activity, probably settlement, on an area of higher ground. Here pits, ditches and a possible ring-gully produced finds of prehistoric (Bronze or Iron Age) and Roman date.

Thorpe Lea Nurseries, Egham

Excavation by G Hayman of SCAU for English Heritage and Hall Aggregates Ltd in advance of mineral extraction, following on from evaluation in 1992. Evidence of extensive occupation activity dating from the Bronze Age to the end of the Roman period was recorded. Features included ditches, pits and postholes, indicating distinct or reused settlement areas - at least one of which could be described as an enclosure. It is possible that the site was more or less continuously occupied throughout the first millennium BC to the end of the 4th century AD.


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