Bronze Age

Land at Whitehall Farm, Gatton Bottom

A watching brief by J Robertson of SCAU for Barrelfield Golf Network was carried out during golf course construction. A walkover of stripped areas revealed three Iron Age pits and a variety of scattered finds (including struck flints of predominantly Late Bronze Age or later date, calcined flints, medieval/post-medieval pottery sherds and medieval/post-medieval roof tile) in the northern part of the site, which overlies Greensand, but only a couple of pieces of post-medieval pottery were recovered from the southern area of the site, which overlies Gault Clay.

Franks’ Sandpit, Betchworth

Excavation by D W Williams for SyAS in advance of mineral extraction revealed two concentrations of activity. One was a concentration of pits, three of which contained Late Neolithic grooved ware and, palaeo-environmental assessment revealed, hazelnut shells; one of these pits also contained over 30 flint scrapers. Other pits were packed with charcoal and cremated bone, and one contained a Bronze Age spiral ring. The surrounding areas produced a variety of flints from Late Mesolithic through to Middle Bronze Age date, and sherds of decorated Peterborough type bowls from the Neolithic.

Warren Farm, Ewell

Evaluation and excavation by G Hayman of SCAU for Cala Homes (Southern) Ltd of a site within what was the Little Park of Nonsuch Palace. Documentary evidence suggested that the site might contain evidence for clay extraction, but no evidence for this was recovered. A small number of prehistoric features were recorded, most of which appear to be Middle Iron Age in date, but which may include features of the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. Finds included fragments of two rotary quern stones.

46-50 High Street, Ewell

Excavation by G Hayman of SCAU for Fleetwood Developments Ltd, in advance of redevelopment, identified a number of features of Roman date including a large 1st-2nd century pit and a probable well of 3rd-4th century date. The quantity of Roman brick and tile recovered indicates a substantial building in the vicinity. The Roman features cut into a subsoil containing Bronze Age flints. Post-medieval features included a large pit, presumed to have been a well. (see report in SyAC 95, 281-295)

Hurst Park, East Molesey

Evaluation by B Langton of the Cotswold Archaeological Trust for Wates Built Homes Ltd recorded a scatter of mainly Neolithic flints and a number of features of Bronze Age date on this former racecourse adjacent to the Thames. More detailed excavation of the site was subsequently undertaken by P Andrews for Wessex Archaeology, which identified multi-period activity on an area of higher land.

Cobham Park Estate, Bookham

Evaluation by G Hayman of SCAU for Balfour Beatty Civil Engineering Ltd of land to be used as a tip site for soil disposal from the M25 Junction 8-10 widening. Several pieces of struck flint probably of Neolithic or Bronze Age origin were recovered from the ploughsoil. No evidence for a feature noted on aerial photographs was discovered and it seems certain that the crop mark was caused by differential ploughing.

Mizen’s Farm, Horsell

Evaluation by J Robertson of SCAU, for TAG McLaren Holdings Ltd, of the site for the new TAG McLaren HQ, revealed a general spread of features of prehistoric (both Mesolithic/Early Neolithic and Bronze Age), Roman and medieval date. The majority of the features were gulleys and ditches. No focus of activity was identified. It seems likely that the settlement(s) lay outside the evaluated area, possibly near Mizen’s Farm itself. (321)

Alderbrook Main Pipeline

A watching brief was maintained by M Dover of SCAU, for Thames Water Utilities, on the construction of a replacement water main. A concentration of prehistoric pottery was noted at TQ 037 440 and further excavation revealed a layer containing numerous sherds of Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age pottery overlying what appeared to be a buried soil, which itself sealed a row of possible post holes. It seems likely that the layer containing the prehistoric pottery represents erosion of material from the adjoining hillslopes.

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