Evaluation of this site by J Saunders of TVAS, for Prides Crossing Property Ltd and Cardale Developments Ltd, revealed little evidence for activity on the rear of the site except a possible medieval or post-medieval ditch and earlier pit. Towards the street frontage a sequence of medieval deposits was revealed, leading to area excavation. This confirmed the presence of deposits relating to occupation from the 12th century onwards, although the area of the street frontage itself was found to have been destroyed by basementing.
Excavations (centred TQ 063 630) by G Hayman of SCAU, for Ready Mixed Concrete (UK) Ltd, followed earlier evaluation. The work confirmed the presence of Iron Age and Roman settlement; some medieval features were also identified. (314) Evaluation by M Dover of SCAU of Phase 4 of this mineral extraction site (centred TQ 057 635) revealed two areas with some archaeological interest. Both produced gullies or ditches containing prehistoric, probably Bronze Age, pottery. Other features were of post-medieval date. Finds recovered include an obliquely blunted point microlith. (321)
Evaluation and subsequent excavation by J Robertson of SCAU, for Countryside Commercial, of this redevelopment site. Evidence for prehistoric activity was recovered in the form of struck and burnt flint and a probably Bronze Age pot sherd. A sherd of grass-tempered Saxon pottery was also recovered. Well preserved stratigraphy indicated occupation in the vicinity from the late 13th century onwards, possibly associated with the medieval suburb of Styvynton, previously only known about from documents.
A survey of the barrow was carried out by K Pringle for BHRG and SyAS. Examination of the section revealed by the removal of a retaining wall constructed c.1924 revealed no evidence for turf lines. A number of struck flints were recovered from the backfill of the retaining wall and one flake was recovered during the cleaning of the section. Further examination of the barrow revealed that a substantial air raid shelter had been constructed within it. (320)
Fieldwalking by P Harp of the BHRG has recorded a quantity of flints, mostly of Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age date; the flints are mostly scrapers, awls and secondary flakes. Some Mesolithic flints have also been recovered, including a blunted-back microlith and a tranchet axe. (314
Observation by S Dyer, for SyAS, of disturbance caused by the excavation of a series of trenches for an irrigation system on the golf course, adjacent to the Roman villa. North of the villa site a concentration of Romano-British tile was observed but these may have been redeposited previously, to infill a hollow of some kind. Elsewhere a few sherds of greyware pottery were recovered. The disturbance was also observed by the BHRG who collected a quantity of Roman pottery, mainly 3rd century greywares, and also noted the concentration of tegula and imbrex tiles. (313)
Evaluation by J Robertson of SCAU for SCC’s Property Services Dept, of land to the north east of a known Anglo-Saxon cemetery, produced no evidence for burials. A few features, mainly ditches and gullies, were recorded, only one of which produced dating evidence - a sherd of late 12th/early 13th pottery. A number of stray finds were also recovered, including a sherd of Bronze Age pottery, pieces of struck and burnt flint and a sherd of Late Saxon pottery.
Excavation by D W Williams, for SyAS and SCC’s Planning Dept, continued. The full extent of the prehistoric pit concentration was confirmed, with no sign of an encircling ditch or other defining boundary. A preliminary examination of the pottery recovered from these features indicates that conjoining pieces of Grooved Ware were deposited in different pits, although no vessel appears to be completely reconstructable. Examination of the pottery associated with the later enclosure to the south suggests usage from the very Late Iron Age through to the early 2nd century AD. (307)
Soil sampling of two boundary banks by K Sargent, to try to establish whether podsolization of the soil had commenced before the banks were constructed, produced inconclusive results. One bank was found to consist of windblown sand, which had presumably built up against some kind of obstacle, and is not therefore a genuine boundary bank. Related work carried out in 1995 by I Ellis had indicated a change in vegetation from deciduous woodland to heath via arable cultivation, with a Tilia decline clear within the soil buried beneath one bank, suggesting it could be Bronze Age in date.
Analysis of the recent survey of the Manor House by the DBRG suggests that it might be the remains of a hunting lodge built for Edward IV c.1482. (307)