Oxford Archaeology South (OAS) was commissioned by Andrew Josephs Ltd, on behalf of J and J Franks Ltd, to undertake an archaeological evaluation of land at Mercers Farm, near Nutfield, Surrey (centred on TQ 3050 5200) ahead of proposed mineral extraction. The work was undertaken between 3rd - 27th January 2012. A total of 94 trenches were excavated across the site. Evidence was found for activity from three main periods: the earliest spanning the late Bronze Age to early Iron Age; medieval agricultural use; and post-medieval activity.
Reigate & Banstead
Archaeology South-East were commissioned by Rider Levett Bucknall on behalf of their client Surrey County Council to carry out an evaluation on land at Sandcross Junior School, Sandcross Lane, Reigate (NGR 524901 148763) prior to the construction of an extension to the school buildings and modification of the playing field. The work was undertaken between 24th October 2011 and 26th October 2011.
Building survey identified several phases starting in c1452
Evaluation by A Forshaw of ASE revealed an infilled boundary ditch of post-medieval date and a shallow gully.
Evaluation by G Priestley-Bell of ASE identified walls and hardstandings relating to the late 18th century and early 19th century development of the site by the Philanthropic Society’s Farm School. A large, probably late 19th to early 20th century rubbish pit was recorded on the northern edge of the site. Made-ground and evidence of significant truncation relating to the 20th century redevelopment and landscaping of the site were widespread.
Excavation by T Munnery of ASE of two of seven identified areas (SMS1 and WB6) highlighted as being of archaeological significance following evaluation (SyAC 94, 364).
Excavation by J Newell of SyAS of a narrow trench across the extensive bank and ditch earthwork previously surveyed in 2013 (SyAC 99, 228), suggested that the series of abutments to the north of the bank were contemporary with or added soon after the bank was formed. The broad ditch to the south proved to be shallow. No dating evidence was recovered from the excavation or a subsequent metal detector survey, suggesting the site may have been metal detected previously.
Evaluation by M Fleming of WA revealed a tree-throw hollow and an east–west linear feature that contained worked flint of Mesolithic date, which was considered to be present owing to post-depositional movement. Worked flint was also present in two adjacent trenches, but was thought to be redeposited. (See Harding, this volume, 271–6)
Excavation and watching brief by W Weller of SCAU following a trial trench evaluation (SyAC 99, 228) adjacent to the Scheduled Roman villa (SM no 12849) revealed a number of flint-packed postholes, some smaller pits or postholes and an east–west ditch , all of which were of Romano-British date. The position and characteristics of a number of the postholes indicated that they were contemporary and may have formed the ground plan of a timber-framed building of unknown function. The ditch probably relates to a division between the domestic and working areas of the villa complex.
Evaluation by A Thorne of ASE identified several ditches, probably part of the medieval and post-medieval field systems recorded on previous investigations nearby (SyAC 95, 309; 92, 279). No discrete features were recorded and only a few sherds of medieval pottery were recovered.