Magnetometry survey of the Scheduled medieval moated site by D Calow of SyAS as part of the Merstham Community Archaeology Project. Although features were difficult to discern because of interference from recently deposited metallic objects, a possible linear anomaly could represent one side of the former moat.
Reigate & Banstead
Evaluation by A Turner of PCA. Remains of two early 19th century farm buildings and their later replacements were noted, but no evidence for earlier activity was revealed.
Historic building recording by S Underdown of OAS. The oldest part of the property contained evidence for the remains of two bays of a medieval open hall house of probable late 14th to early 15th century date. A two-bay extension was dendrochronologically dated to 1580–97, with further extensions noted, dating to around 1700 and then continuing through the 18th–20th centuries. The property had been unoccupied for some time, and considerable damage to the historic fabric of the structure was noted, through a combination of vandalism, arson and neglect.
Evaluation by C Edwards of AOC. No finds or features earlier than the 1900s were revealed.
Earthwork survey by L Gadsby of CA and K Page-Smith of Nexus recorded the surviving elements of the 19th and 20th century gardens. The presence of possible earlier remains associated with the woodland and rabbit warren formerly on the site was noted, including one possible pillow mound. An evaluation by T Harvard of CA recorded the footings of 19th century garden structures, but only the recovery of two pieces of unstratified worked flint suggested the possibility of earlier activity on the site.
Evaluation by J McNicoll-Norbury of TVAS. No finds or features of archaeological significance were revealed.
Evaluation by J Lewis of TVAS. Two small undated gullies and a single sherd of unabraded 12th–13th century pottery were revealed.
Watching brief by P Harp of Plateau. A small number of Neolithic flints and an adze of the same date were recovered from a pipeline trench.
Evaluation by L Capon of AOC prior to residential redevelopment. No finds or features of archaeological interest were revealed.
Aerial photographs and ground survey by R.L. Ellaby revealed two dark soil marks with occupation debris, probably a 13th/14th century farm complex. (143)