Evaluation by R Lambert of SCAU revealed a post- medieval boundary ditch that was also visible on historic maps of the area, and a small quantity of worked flint of mixed Mesolithic-Bronze Age dates.
Programme of work comprising a soil stripping, mapping and sampling exercise, watching brief, and trial pit excavation, by A Simmonds of OAS. The initial approach for the stripping, mapping and sampling across the entire site was modified during the course of the work to one designed to preserve deposits in situ across much of it. This followed the discovery that a significant depth of colluvial deposits overlay the archaeological horizons.
Three further phases of excavation by P Jones and R Lambert of SCAU adjacent to areas previously investigated. The first phase undertaken in the summer of 2011 was to the immediate west of the area investigated in 2009. The range and character of the archaeological features present were closely similar to those identified in 2009. The features included three Mesolithic pits (which were 100% sampled and sieved for flintwork), an early medieval pit oddly sited out on the Gault clay, and a continuation of the late medieval/ early post-medieval roadway identified during the work in 2005.
Evaluation by S Stevens of ASE recovered a single flint flake from the topsoil of one of the trenches.
Completion of watching brief begun in 2010 by N Randall of SCAU that revealed a series of broad ditches that may represent land boundaries pre-dating the construction of Pendell Court on the site in c1624, and finds of Mesolithic, Neolithic or Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman, medieval and post-medieval date.
Geophysical survey by J Adcock of GSB Prospection Ltd and two phases of evaluation by V Hughes and S Leech of OAS of an area proposed for mineral extraction. The geophysics revealed a series of linear anomalies that may be small enclosures; strong responses that suggest the presence of fired materials or ferrous-rich deposits, and numerous linear trends thought to be of agricultural origin.
Excavation by J Robertson of SCAU in advance of continuing mineral extraction following work undertaken on the quarry site between 1999 and 2006. The work produced features and finds of many periods. Three tree-throw holes were identified that included Mesolithic flintwork of primary deposition, while many of the other tree-throw holes produced pottery and flintwork of Neolithic date. A number of pits of Neolithic date were also excavated and, like the tree-throw holes, were quite widely scattered across the area.
Test pit monitoring and watching brief by I Howell and G Rapson of MOLA. The test pits revealed only limited details regarding underlying deposits, together with a small number of Palaeolithic flints – examples of which have been encountered in the area previously. Subsequent monitoring of the main excavation works revealed a moderate amount of additional worked flints, the majority of which were assessed as undiagnostic, although some Palaeolithic and Mesolithic material was present. A number of truncated burnt features were also encountered.
Evaluation of the area of the proposed boarding house and music school building by N Randall of SCAU revealed sections of intersecting ditches and a small number of pits and postholes. Those features that it was possible to date were of probable 3rd century Roman, and earlier (possibly Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age) origin. Further work is proposed.
Evaluation by R Lambert of SCAU. A small cluster of features including pits, possible tree-throw holes and a gully was revealed in a distinct area adjacent to Send Hill. Three of these contained small quantities of possibly residual prehistoric flint, but little of conclusive dating value. However, a shallow pit and a posthole were found to contain pottery of a Saxon date. The comparative rarity of Saxon features in any context in Surrey renders these discoveries significant and the area worthy of further investigation.