Prehistoric

General: Abinger-Holmbury

Report by D J Field and K Winser of fieldwalking project on a transect 1km by 10km set across the geological grain. Nearly 200ha of woodland were walked; particularly noted were a large number of quarries on the Hythe Beds. It is suggested that some could be early, perhaps RB. Systematic walking of nearly 100ha of ploughed land produced an estimated 25,000 pieces of flint coming from throughout the area. (230) Pottery suggesting a RB occupation site was discovered in the Abinger area; only sandstone blocks and a few sherds were found on the known villa site.

A3 Hog's Back to B3000

Report by K D Graham of fieldwork on the A3 improvement scheme. Little material was recovered, even near the known RB villa at Compton. A handful of RB tile was found at the southern end of this part of the road scheme, and a few struck flint flakes and sherds of medieval pottery were also recovered generally along the route. (229)

Former Sewage Works, Cobham

Trial excavation and survey by R J Poulton for SCC and J Sainsbury revealed only scattered artefacts including probable Mesolithic flints and prehistoric, RB and medieval pottery. It appeared that medieval ploughing had destroyed all ancient levels which may have existed. (235)

Wiggie, Redhill

Survey of housing development by D W Williams: a scatter of crudely worked flint and three small prehistoric sherds were found, and a concentration of 13th century pottery was noted in the north-west corner of the site. Metal detector users recovered a medieval jetton and a decorated lead weight.

Great Wildwood Farm, Alfold

Reported that A J Clark is to carry out geophysical surveys of the moated site (TQ 050 352) and of the bloomery site located in the previous year by Judie English in golf course construction. Further details of worked flint scatters reported last year are now available. It is noted that all four sites are slightly raised above the general level. Pat Nicolaysen helped to identify the flint types, which are as follows:

Tongham Road, Runfold

Evaluation of part of the proposed route of the A31 Runfold Diversion and Blackwater Valley Route by G N Hayman for SCAU and SCC (County Engineer's Department). A large number of burnt flints, probable prehistoric features, a large number of Roman features and a medieval ditch were uncovered. The Roman features, ditches and rubbish pits, contained large quantities of animal bones and pottery dated to the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.

Tongham Road, Runfold

Excavation following on from evaluation in 1991, in advance of the Runfold diversion, part of the Blackwater Valley Route, by Graham Hayman of SCAU for SCC. Some prehistoric finds were made, but no contemporaneous features were discovered. Features of Roman date were recorded, including small pits and ditches and a small four post structure, as well as part of a large enclosure ditch. Provisional examination of the associated pottery suggests occupation dates to the early Roman period.

The Margins, Shepperton

Evaluation trial trenching carried out by S P Dyer for SCAU and Tarmac Ltd located a number of buried stream and river channels but no artefacts were found. (279) Subsequent observation of gravel extraction located much animal bone, including aurochs. Some of the bone, particularly antler, showed evidence for human working. Two human skulls were also found in the buried channels. (282)

Albury Park

Fieldwalking by D Montgomery recovered 235 pieces of struck flint across an area of 6 ha. A concentration was noted at TQ 063 474. The flint included 72 unused secondary flakes, 3 flake cores, 23 blades or blade parts, 10 microlith blades, 1 scraper and part of a Neolithic polished axe reused as a scraper. (275)

Tongham Nurseries

Evaluation by trial trenching of an area to be used as a borrow pit for the Blackwater Valley Route, by Graham Hayman of SCAU for SCC. Occasional features of earlier prehistoric and Roman date were noted, but the principal archaeological interest within the site was evidence for Iron Age settlement. Formal excavation of five areas followed. Two of the excavated areas revealed some features of Iron Age date, but three areas contained the major parts of four substantial Iron Age settlements.

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