'Damnable inventions' were the words used by William Cobbett, when he visited the Tillingbourne valley in Surrey in 1822, to describe: the industries of Chilworth and Albury - the manufacture of gunpowder and of paper for printing banknotes.
Surrey Industrial History Group
A mill is known to have existed on the site Downside Mills, Cobham, River Mole, from as early as 1331 and in the eighteenth century it operated both as a corn and a paper mill prior to becoming an iron Mill.
Between Leith Hill and Abinger Bottom is a house called "The Old Observatory" which together with the land in which it stands formed an important outpost of the Royal Greenwich Observatory from 1924 until 1957.
In this little pleasant Valley, the Springs serve not only to water the Grounds, but for the driving of 18 Powder Mills, 5 whereof were blown up in a little more than halfe a Years Time. 'Tis a little Commonwealth of Powdermakers, who are as black as Africans.
The Borough of Waverley in south-west Surrey was formed under the re-organisation of local government in 1974 and named after Waverley Abbey, the first Cistercian house in England which was founded in 1128. It was created from the Borough of Godalming, the Urban Districts of Farnham and Haslemere, and Hambledon Rural District and its four main centres of population are the towns of Godalming. Farnham and Haslemere and the village of Cranleigh.
The name Surrey Heath has no historical connections being merely a convenient description of the area covered by the Borough created in 1974 by the union of Frimley and Camberley Urban District Council and Bagshot Rural District Council. In 1990 the part of Sunningdale in Surrey Heath was transferred, together with another part in the Borough of Runnymede, to the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, to be united with the rest of Sunningdale.
Recognising Surrey's Industrial Past
Roads provide the most widespread form of communication; they are one of the oldest and most prominent features of the landscape. In spite of this, detailed knowledge of some of the earliest roads in Britain is hard to trace.
Talk by David Hassard
Talk by David Williams