Geophysical survey in 2014 by A Sassin and D and A Graham of SyAS on a site first noted by J Hampton on an aerial photograph. The survey confirmed the presence of a probable Late Iron Age/early Romano-British farmstead enclosure. Roman roof tile and pottery was noted during the survey and coins and other objects of Roman date from the same area have been recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme.
Evaluation by O Good of WA found that part of the site had been truncated by modern activity and no archaeological finds or features were encountered.
Evaluation by S Reynish of COT revealed a number of ditches and a possible pit or tree-throw hollow. The larger ditches were aligned parallel to existing field boundaries, which could suggest these are former field boundaries, with the smaller ditches as internal drainage gullies or enclosures. For the most part these features remained undated, and the only find recovered – a Late Iron Age or Romano-British loomweight fragment – was considered to be residual.
Evaluation by J Condliffe of COT revealed evidence of post-medieval field boundary ditches and a tree-throw hollow together with evidence of extensive quarrying related to the use of the site as a tile works.
Evaluation by M Nichol of COT revealed medieval land drains and a small undated pit, possibly a hearth, beneath redeposited clay, probably the result of previous landscaping.
Geophysical survey by ASE showed that evidence for archaeological features was sparse, although several linear and discrete anomalies of possible archaeological origin were detected. Linear anomalies representing former agricultural activity across the areas currently under cultivation, indicate the continued use of the site as arable land. Some areas of strong magnetic disturbance were thought to possibly mask underlying features with a weaker magnetic signature.
Watching brief by I Hogg of ASE revealed a 19th century field boundary ditch shown on historic maps. A probable planting pit was also recorded.
The first of two phases of excavation by N Randall of SCAU following evaluation revealed part of a previously unknown, early medieval, Christian burial ground across much of the higher ground on the east of the site. The graveyard, presumably originally part of the nearby St Peter and Paul’s church, appears to have gone out of use in the medieval period. The lack of later intrusive burials makes it a rare and important discovery.
A watching brief by S Porter of TVAS following earlier evaluation revealed a range of archaeological deposits from the medieval through to late post-medieval periods. The earliest evidence was a medieval pit with sparse medieval pottery. More complex deposits of post-medieval date including walls, floors, a probable well and a cesspit were also revealed.
Evaluation by C Douglas of ASE revealed a single ditch and an adjacent tree-throw hollow, both of which contained prehistoric pottery. A horse burial was also identified, but given the good preservation of the bone, it was probably of recent date. A number of metal-detected finds were recovered from the topsoil across the site, all of 19th century or later date.