Two phases of evaluation by S Mounce of WA in in advance of flood protection, landscaping, tip remediation and redevelopment alongside the Hoe Stream. The first phase revealed a significant depth of alluvial deposits, late 19th and early 20th artefacts likely to have been washed up and deposited by the Hoe in a trench closest to the modern path of the stream, but no deposits of archaeological interest. The second phase revealed alluvial layers within all of the trenches, confirming that the site historically lay within the floodplain.
Evaluation by J Martin of WA revealed nothing of archaeological interest in the majority of trenches, but one trench within the north of the site and close to an area where previous fieldwalking had recovered a concentration of Bronze Age material revealed two ditches which it was not possible to date and a small pit that contained a sherd of pottery dated to the Iron Age. These features may represent the periphery of any potential archaeological focus present to the north.
Evaluation by A Powell and C Ellis of Wessex Archaeology, for Lam Watson Woods Architects, in advance of redevelopment of the mill site. Documentary evidence indicates that the site was used for gunpowder production in the late 17th century, but the evaluation produced no evidence for this. The gunpowder works are therefore presumed to have been largely restricted to the area covered by later mills and associated buildings and may, therefore, have been largely destroyed.
A watching brief was undertaken by K Watson of Wessex, for Southern Electric, during the replacement of the Hindhead Substation overhead cable support poles. No features or deposits of archaeological significance were observed.
An evaluation and subsequent watching brief was carried out by Wessex for BP during the re-ordering of the garage. Extensive modern disturbance over natural sands and, in one place, alluvium were noted. (319)
Evaluation and subsequent excavation by J McKinley of Wessex, for MEPC, was carried out in advance of the redevelopment of the estate. The evaluation identified three broad zones within the site: the edge of the town gravel island, a broad alluvium filled channel to the north and, beyond this, a second gravel island. Subsequent work concentrated on the two islands. Excavation on the northern island (centred at TQ 033 719) recorded part of an enclosure/field system of Bronze Age date and another of Roman date, as well as agricultural features from the medieval period.
Evaluation by J McKinley of Wessex, for MEPC, as part of an application for development. The results suggest that the higher ground south of the ditch was augmented in the medieval, and possibly Roman, periods by dumping, with the low lying land north of the ditch remaining prone to flooding. In the post-medieval period the build up of material across this northern area presumably led to the need for a formal drainage ditch to be constructed.
Evaluation by J Wright of Wessex, for Barratt Southern Counties, of a site proposed for residential development revealed no features or finds of archaeological interest. A considerable depth of alluvial sands overlay the natural gravel, but no palaeo-landsurfaces were revealed sealed by or within these.
Excavation by J Grove of Wessex, for MEPC UK Ltd, in advance of redevelopment. Earlier Roman activity (1st-2nd century) was found to be restricted to higher land at the southern end of the site. Here, a number of refuse pits and a series of gulleys and ditches were revealed, as well as two occupation surfaces and a possible oven. An episode of flooding separated these features from those of mid Roman date (2nd century), which were also concentrated on the higher ground.
Excavation by J McKinley of Wessex, for MEPC UK Ltd, in advance of redevelopment. At the front of the site a few features of Late Iron Age date were revealed, sealed below a ploughsoil. Above this soil a series of floor levels associated with hearths, pits and post holes was identified, all of early Romano-British date. Further back from the street frontage, a quantity of intercutting pits of early Romano-British date were revealed, which contained a quantity of domestic rubbish.