Iron Age

Former Marconi Site, Addlestone

Evaluation by M Dover of SCAU in advance of commercial and residential redevelopment. A single undated linear feature, likely to be prehistoric, was revealed, although generally the site had undergone large-scale truncation in the past. A subsequent excavation revealed gullies and ditches belonging to settlement enclosures, a number of pits, and a large waterhole. Pottery, including large parts of individual vessels, as well as loomweights and other finds dating to the Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age transition were recovered.

Tattenham Way Allotments, Banstead

Continuing excavation and fieldwalking by Plateau recovered further finds of worked flint of Lower Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age date, while pottery dating to the Bronze Age, Iron Age, Romano-British, Saxon, medieval and post-medieval periods was also found. A large Neolithic or Bronze Age leaf-shaped arrowhead and a probable Bronze Age pendant were among the finds. Features on the site included a probable late Roman farmstead enclosure, and a Mesolithic tree-throw pit shelter with rubbish pit.

Banstead Heath landscape survey

Survey undertaken under the direction of C Currie of CKCA, as part of the Community Archaeology Project for SCC and SyAS, to assess whether the study area was suitable for designation as an ASHLV. Both documentary research and fieldwork added greatly to existing knowledge of the area, and highlighted the presence of a range of archaeological remains dating from the Palaeolithic through to the Second World War.

Wyphurst Road, Cranleigh

Evaluation by M Dover of SCAU prior to an application for residential development. A large number of features were revealed, including ditches, gullies, postholes, pits, wall foundations and robber trenches, most appearing to date from the late 1st/early 2nd century Romano-British period. Some Iron Age artefacts and features were also identified, suggesting that the settlement had earlier origins. It is unclear as to the exact nature of the site, although the evidence to date is consistent with the activities involved in the construction and operation of a small farmstead.

Hengrove Farm, Staines

Continuing monitoring and excavation by G Hayman of SCAU in the area located to the south of previous work undertaken during the previous three years. This phase of the work revealed a wealth of features from the prehistoric through to the Roman. One of the most significant discoveries was a group of post holes, indicating the position of a roundhouse of probable Bronze Age origin. A number of pits and water holes were found in the same vicinity, and with the exception of one water hole of late Neolithic date, are probably of Bronze Age origin.

Bridge Wharf, Chertsey

Evaluation by C Cowan of MoLAS, following a previous borehole survey that had concluded that much of the site was relatively untruncated, and that a good geoarchaeological sequence appeared across the site. The evaluation showed that a promontory of high gravel existed in the northern part of the site, with a surface dipping down to the south. Features containing four pottery sherds dated to the late Bronze Age or the early Iron Age were recorded in one trench beneath the alluvium.

Land to rear of the Old Cottage and 5 Ottways Lane, Ashtead

Evaluation by G Priestly-Bell of ASE in advance of residential redevelopment exposed a number of features, and subsequent excavation revealed remains of a late Iron Age settlement. Limited ceramic evidence suggests the settlement may have begun in the middle Iron Age, although two gullies of possible late Bronze Age or early Iron Age date were also present. The late Iron Age remains comprised significant elements of a probable double ditched enclosure, with a possible entranceway. Post-holes within the enclosure may have represented the site of a structure.

All Saints Church, Little Bookham

Watching brief by J Robertson of SCAU during groundworks associated with the construction of a replacement vestry. No features or evidence of structures earlier than the demolished vestry were revealed. However, a number of finds were recovered from the foundation and services trenches, including three sherds of pottery ranging in date from the Bronze Age to the middle Iron Age, three pieces of struck flint, and several pieces of calcined flint, providing evidence of prehistoric activity in the vicinity.

Rectangular earthwork at Westcott

Resistivity survey and excavation by G Rapson of a section of a cropmark, previously recorded as a possible Roman camp, revealed an Iron Age ditch. The section was located close to the entrance and contained charcoal-rich deposits, the lowest of which included a large variety of unabraded sherds of burnished pottery. Upper layers included bead rims and grey sandy wares of probable 1st century BC or 1st century AD date. A sample of well preserved animal bone, including the skull of a red deer stag from which the antlers had been sawn off, was recovered from the ditch.


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