Iron Age

81-84 High Street, Egham

Evaluation of this site by J Saunders of TVAS, for Prides Crossing Property Ltd and Cardale Developments Ltd, revealed little evidence for activity on the rear of the site except a possible medieval or post-medieval ditch and earlier pit. Towards the street frontage a sequence of medieval deposits was revealed, leading to area excavation. This confirmed the presence of deposits relating to occupation from the 12th century onwards, although the area of the street frontage itself was found to have been destroyed by basementing.

Wey Manor Farm, Addlestone

Excavations (centred TQ 063 630) by G Hayman of SCAU, for Ready Mixed Concrete (UK) Ltd, followed earlier evaluation. The work confirmed the presence of Iron Age and Roman settlement; some medieval features were also identified. (314) Evaluation by M Dover of SCAU of Phase 4 of this mineral extraction site (centred TQ 057 635) revealed two areas with some archaeological interest. Both produced gullies or ditches containing prehistoric, probably Bronze Age, pottery. Other features were of post-medieval date. Finds recovered include an obliquely blunted point microlith. (321)

Franks’ Sandpit, Betchworth

Excavation by D W Williams, for SyAS and SCC’s Planning Dept, continued. The full extent of the prehistoric pit concentration was confirmed, with no sign of an encircling ditch or other defining boundary. A preliminary examination of the pottery recovered from these features indicates that conjoining pieces of Grooved Ware were deposited in different pits, although no vessel appears to be completely reconstructable. Examination of the pottery associated with the later enclosure to the south suggests usage from the very Late Iron Age through to the early 2nd century AD. (307)

Farnham Park, Farnham

A landscape survey, including some limited trial trenching, was carried out by D Graham for Waverley Borough Council, as part of a programme designed to assisst with the management of the park. The initial ground survey recorded the remains of open field systems in the form of ridge and furrow strips of probable medieval date, including one apparently overlain by the park’s boundary, established in 1376-77. Evidence for industrial activity was seen in the form of small clay diggings, some of which were close to the site of a previously discovered medieval tile kiln.

Manor Hospital, Epsom

Evaluation by J Saunders of TVAS, for the South Thames Regional Health Authority, in advance of redevelopment. No sign of the expected moat around the manor was revealed, but two hollows containing late Bronze Age/early Iron Age pottery were identified. A subsequent small scale excavation revealed a further pit also containing pottery of that date, but no other related features. (310) see report in SyAC 87, 175-178.

Peper Harow

Recording of finds by D Graham and D Williams recovered during a metal detecting rally held on fields to the east, north and west of Peper Harow. Hundreds of objects were recorded ranging in date from the Middle Bronze Age to the 19th century. (330)

Runfold Farm, near Badshot Lea

Following evaluation in 1997, a series of watching briefs was carried out by N Marples of SCAU, for Pioneer Aggregates Ltd, on preliminary soil stripping of part of this mineral extraction site. Part of a rectilinear field system was recorded: three interconnected boundary features running east-west were identified together with a series of re-cut ditches running north-south, which delimited the eastern end of the grid. The date of the field system is unclear.

72-74 High Street, Staines

Excavation by J McKinley of Wessex, for MEPC UK Ltd, in advance of redevelopment. At the front of the site a few features of Late Iron Age date were revealed, sealed below a ploughsoil. Above this soil a series of floor levels associated with hearths, pits and post holes was identified, all of early Romano-British date. Further back from the street frontage, a quantity of intercutting pits of early Romano-British date were revealed, which contained a quantity of domestic rubbish.


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