Evaluation by K Butler of CBAS (Chris Butler Archaeological Services) revealed evidence of modern ground reduction, but no finds or features of archaeological interest.
Watching brief by K Grant of ASE revealed the end of an undated brick tomb and recovered two disarticulated bone fragments.
Watching brief by A Macintosh of CAT (Canterbury Archaeological Trust) revealed a single, broad ditch of possible Roman date. During these works, the exposed walls and sunken area within Room O of the nearby Roman villa were protected by covering with inert sand, a geotextile membrane and topsoil, to a total depth of 0.5m.
Building reappraisal by M Higgins of SCC of a timber-framed, two-bay, two-storey house with an internal end chimney and a one-bay, in-line, timber-framed extension and subsequent full outshot, all of suggested late 17th century/early 18th century and later date.
Building reappraisal by Martin Higgins of SCC for TDC. The timber-framed range closest to the church is of two storeys with integral attics, originally with jetties to the road and churchyard. The roof is both clasped side purlin (gables) and butt purlin (central). A gable facing the church has pendants under the projecting wall plates and an ornate, ovolo moulded oriel window. The attic has a blocked ovolo window facing the church. The timber-framed range, of suggested 1575–90 date, did not stand alone as it has no staircase.
Strip, map and sample by K Moon of OAS revealed modern redeposited layers used to create the M25 motorway embankment and confirmed that any archaeological horizons would not be impacted on by the development. Consequently, no finds or features of archaeological interest were revealed.
Building appraisal by M Higgins of SCC. Three phases of construction were identified: a two-bay parlour range with crown-post roof, originally jettied to the front and right and perhaps of mid/late 15th century date, and associated with a lost hall house. The second phase, probably dated to the late 15th century, comprised a three-bay open hall range, two bays of which were originally open to the roof, with gabled crown strut and unusual roof trusses with double side purlins.
Evaluation by G Webster of ASE revealed six ditches, two pits, and an irregular deposit. One of the ditches contained medieval pottery, another Late Iron Age pottery, which was considered to be residual; all the features and the irregular deposit contained slag, which suggests the presence of a medieval metalworking site in the vicinity. A subsequent strip, map and sample identified three phases of activity on the site. The earliest evidence dates from the Late Iron Age/early Roman period, with linear features representing a field system and a potential routeway.
Watching brief by L McCaig and D Britchfield of WA revealed three linear ditches that formed a possible enclosure and later droveway, and were located close to a group of postholes on two parallel north–south alignments. The postholes indicate the presence of a structure and contained 13th–14th century pottery. Any potential medieval settlement to which the structure relates exists outside the confines of the development area. Elsewhere an isolated and undated pit and a ditch were revealed.
Evaluation by D Atkin of CBAS (Chris Butler Archaeological Services) revealed an 18th century pit or ditch terminal.