Saxon

410-1066

Telex field, Reigate Road Quarry, Betchworth

Evaluation by F Raymond of BAS identified significant Bronze Age deposits concentrated on a plateau of land in the south-eastern part of the site, and this area was subsequently excavated. Activity commenced during the Mesolithic period, and is marked by the presence of a flint scatter from the southern part of the site. There were no concentrations of flint and no features, suggesting the principal focus, if there is one, lies or lay to the south and east. The focus of Early and Middle Bronze Age activity was located on the eastern side of the site.

Hatch Furlong, Ewell

Second season of excavation led by H Sheldon of BC and J Cotton of EEHAS, on an area of higher ground overlooking the Roman settlement of Ewell and Stane Street and where traces of Roman activity were located in the 1970s. Four trenches were opened in a line running north–south between those excavated in 2006.

Shepperton Studios, Shepperton

Evaluation by H Clough of PCA in advance of the construction of a workshop extension revealed two ditches of probable Bronze Age origin, a palaeochannel which may be prehistoric, medieval agricultural features, a late 18th or early 19th century wall, and residual burnt and worked flint, abraded Roman pottery and a piece of unabraded Saxo-Norman pottery. Subsequent monitoring of two geotechnical test pits within the proposed footprint of the workshop revealed only modern deposits.

Whitehall Lane/Milton Park Farm, Egham

Ongoing evaluation, continuing from the work carried out in 2003, by A Taylor of TVAS in advance of possible mineral extraction on this site. Material recovered included stray and residual finds of Upper Palaeolithic date, as well as Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age flintwork. Prehistoric, Roman, Saxon and medieval pottery was also found as well as occupation evidence of Bronze Age, Iron Age, Saxon, medieval and post-medieval dates.

Wey Manor Farm, Addlestone

Evaluation by J Robertson and excavation by P Jones of SCAU on the phase 7 and 8 area of this ongoing minerals extraction site. The evaluation produced evidence of a field system of predominantly post-medieval date, as well as a number of ditches of uncertain and probably various dates. Three areas revealed features that contained material indicative of prehistoric and Saxon dates. Further excavation of the phase 7 area uncovered further non-structural Saxon features, as well as a discrete area containing a scatter of struck flints.

Cerne Cottage, East Horsley

Investigation by T Howe and G Jackson of SCC of a site containing human remains discovered during the excavation of a soakaway. Examination suggested that the remains were archaeological in nature (not criminal as was first suspected), and comprised two separate burials, although the exact date of the interments was obscure. It is hoped that additional analyses will be possible to determine more clearly the origin of the remains, although Saxon burials have been recorded in the area previously.

Saxon County School, Shepperton

Watching brief by R Poulton of SCAU during the creation of a long-jump pit and runway inside, and two pergolas just outside, the Scheduled area of the Saxon and medieval cemetery. The works were generally too shallow to disturb any deposits, although observation of the excavation of postholes of one of the pergolas unearthed two cow bones, which may well have formed part of the spread of Saxon midden material identified in 1996 SCAU excavations.

Whitehall Lane/Milton Park Farm, Egham

Geophysical survey by A Bartlett of BCC, with a supplementary evaluation by P Jones of SCAU, in order to test the potential effectiveness of geophysical survey over the site. A number of magnetic anomalies were detected, although no corresponding archaeological features were revealed, suggesting that full geophysical survey of the site would not be productive. Subsequent evaluation involving the excavation of 464 trenches by A Taylor of TVAS in advance of possible mineral extraction revealed a wide range of finds and deposits.

Ten Acre Field, Yew Tree Road, Dorking

Monitoring by G Rapson of SyAS of pipeline works in and around Dorking revealed a number of finds and features, but most significantly, a cemetery containing fourteen skeletons at Ten Acre Field. The skeletons are of probable Saxon date, and three circular crop marks reported to exist at the other end of the field point to the presence of further, potentially older, activity on this hill top.

Hawks Hill House, Guildford Road, Leatherhead

Evaluation by J Stevenson of ASE in advance of residential redevelopment involved the excavation of eight trenches. One revealed an undated tree bole; a second, two pits/postholes and a gully all of probable prehistoric date, and a grave of probable Anglo-Saxon date excavated in the 19th or early 20th century; a third, four small pits, three of prehistoric date, and one of Early/mid-Iron Age date, and two very large pits of later Iron Age date thought to be used for grain storage.

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