Mercers Farm, Nutfield

Excavations by J Payne of SCAU ahead of planned mineral extraction revealed evidence of archaeological activity dating from the Mesolithic through to the post-medieval period. The more important finds included a pit that contained Beaker-type ceramics, diagnostic flint tools of Neolithic and Early Bronze Age date and the remnants of a Middle/Late Bronze Age field system, which was in part truncated by a Middle/Late Iron Age settlement. The Iron Age settlement comprised a series of ring-ditches and numerous discrete cut features set within a substantial enclosure ditch.

Green Lane East, Wanborough

Geophysical survey and evaluation led by D Graham of SyAS. Magnetometry revealed an 8m-wide, north--south oriented, straight, double-ditched linear anomaly, various other anomalies and signs of ridge-and-furrow ploughing. A trench across one of the flanking ditches and extending across half the width of the linear anomaly revealed a raised trackway or ‘agger’, although there was no sign of metalling having been present. Probable Late Iron Age/early Roman pottery recovered from the ditch may date the feature but could be residual.

Former Guildford Fire Station, Ladymead, Guildford

Test pit evaluation by C Morris of AOC. The site is adjacent to the site that revealed a substantial scatter of worked flint, thought to represent the in-situ remains of a Late Upper Palaeolithic campsite (SyAC 99, 221), but it produced no Palaeolithic material. A small residual quantity of worked Mesolithic flint artefacts was recovered. A shallow ditch on the western side of the site produced Late Iron Age pottery and Roman pottery and flue tile; a further ditch produced slag and Roman tile fragments.

Ash Green Lane water mains replacement, Tongham Moor to Pound Farm Lane, Tongham

Archaeological monitoring by E Govier of Border Archaeology Ltd revealed a series of furrows that appeared to be the result of ploughing. However, while they were considered too narrow and tightly spaced to represent open-field ridge-and-furrow cultivation, their irregular morphology did not appear to reflect modern ploughing. Pottery recovered from top- and subsoil during the strip ranged in date from the Roman to the later post-medieval/modern periods.


Excavation and test pitting by R Hooker of SyAS to test anomalies from a previous magnetometry survey (SyAC 99, 227) revealed a large area of in-situ burning, possibly the base of a post-medieval charcoal burning clamp and a ditch of possible Late Iron Age/Early Romano-British date on a similar east–west alignment to that of a ditch revealed in 2014. (457)

Cherkley Court, Reigate Road, Leatherhead

Archaeological monitoring by J Payne of SCAU during limited pipeline repair works within the Scheduled Monument area of the Roman road Stane Street. The previously recorded dimensions and make-up of the Roman road (SyAC 75, 289) were confirmed while the presence of a possible levelling deposit associated with the initial construction of the road, and not previously recorded, was also revealed.

Cocks Farm villa, Abinger

Further excavation by the Roman Studies Group of SyAS, directed by D Bird and E Corke, in the field to the north-east of the Scheduled villa, exposed the north-east corner of a Roman enclosure. Its east–west oriented boundary consisted of substantial ditches, while there were seven successive parallel north–south boundaries, spaced 1–2m apart. They included palisades, a beamslot and posthole arrangement, ditches and probable hedges.

Shining a Light on the transition from Late Iron Age to Early Roman SE England - Zoom Conference BOOK NOW ONLINE


Following the great success of the 2018 conference on the transition from Roman to Saxon in the South-East, the Roman Studies Group is arranging another such event, this time focusing on the end of the Iron Age and the start of Roman Britain in our area.

This event was originally due to be held in May 2020 but was cancelled due to the Corona virus pandemic.


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