Watching briefs undertaken by F Pemberton and S Nelson of SyAS revealed made-ground over the whole site in the form of dumped deposits comprising pottery kiln waste and other material of post-medieval date. The deposits filled shallow quarry pits, presumably dug to obtain sand. Little evidence of early occupation was found and it is likely that the area remained as back land/garden use probably until the 18th century. A small assemblage of 18th century clay tobacco pipe bowls, including some Dorking-manufactured examples, was retrieved.
Surrey Archaeological Society
Watching brief by F Pemberton of SyAS. Groundworks on the presumed route of Stane Street Roman road revealed no finds or features of archaeological interest.
Test pitting by C Hayward of SyAS. Nineteen test pits were excavated in a central band of the parish with two located in Little Bookham. Evidence of early medieval activity was recorded in Church Street with finds of medieval pottery clustered around the church. Sherds of Roman pottery were found in two areas to the east and north-east of the church and Bronze Age pottery and struck flint were recorded from a Little Bookham pit.
A small excavation by L Spencer of SyAS on the posited site of Bookham Courte revealed a flint and tile demolition layer overlaid by medieval pottery and chalk and greensand blocks, the latter with worked examples. (Bulletin 448)
Excavations by D Bird for the Roman Studies Group of SyAS. More evidence for structural phasing was encountered providing evidence for the plan of the late (northern) wing and confirming the southern corridor. At the western end of the wing, it was found that the north-west corner of the later building bonded into an earlier structure that was at a slightly different alignment and probably part of an earlier building.
Twelve test pits, excavated by C Hayward and members of SyAS, located throughout the village and at the site of Ockham mill revealed only 19th and 20th century material and probable garden features.
Members of SyAS, led by R Hooker, undertook a fieldwalking exercise across a recently ploughed field on the southern slopes of St Martha’s Hill belonging to Chilworth Manor. Some 300 flint artefacts were recovered of which approximately 10% were tool forms, mostly blades, cores and scrapers. Two probable Romano-British sherds were recovered together with some late medieval and post-medieval fragments of ceramic building materials, but no significant clusters for any period were recorded.
A sixth season of excavation in 2013 directed by D Calow for the Roman Studies Group of SyAS. Excavation established that the northern end of an aisled structure, found in 2012, did not extend beyond the limit previously established. It appears to have been a six-bay structure, c 14m long x 8m wide with four rows of seven posts. A lack of building materials suggests either that the structure had been systematically dismantled, or more likely was of a design that left no ground impact beyond its postholes.
Geophysical survey and test pitting by C Hayward produced significant quantities of pottery with a range of dates from the later 12th century to the early 18th century. A near-absence of late 18th century and later sherds relates to the probable clearance of the settlement of Middle Green in the early 18th century. (Bulletin 450)
Evaluation trenches dug by SyAS under the direction of R Savage proved the existence of substantial brick clamps as indicated by magnetometry survey in 2009; the clamps remain undated but are probably medieval. Test pits confirmed a scattered presence of Roman tiles to the east of St Peter’s church, but only one sherd of domestic Roman pottery was found (and that well-rolled and close to the surface of the field). A test pit at an adjoining property produced large stratified sherds of early 12th century pottery, co-incident with the building or rebuilding of St Peter’s church c AD 1100–20.