Watching brief carried out by R and P Savage of SyAS, and assisted by A Norris, revealed that the remains of the stone medieval churchyard wall, probably dating to the 12th or 13th centuries, had been encased within a brick rebuilding of the wall in the post-medieval period. As a result of the watching brief and resultant discussions, the necessary repairs to the later brick wall were modified to encase and preserve the medieval remains.
Surrey Archaeological Society
Eight test pits dug by SyAS under the direction of R Savage (four at the White Hart, 150 High Street, together with three at The Old Vicarage and one at Lea Cottage, both in Church Street). A small amount of Late Saxon pottery was recovered in the two locations in Church Street, while stratified 12th century layers were revealed close to the High Street at the White Hart.
Watching brief carried out by R Savage of SyAS showed heavy contamination down to, and into, the natural sands and gravels by 19th century pits containing industrial and light-industrial waste.
Fieldwork carried out by W Mills with volunteer assistance under the overall direction of R Savage of SyAS to investigate any surviving contexts related to the discovery during fieldwalking in the 1920s and 30s of the Late Upper Palaeolithic flint blades now held in the British Museum as the Lawson Collection. Two transects of auger holes indicated the survival in parts of the site of late Ice Age soil horizons, but not close to the site of the flint discoveries.
Watching brief by D and A Graham of SyAS. Evidence for extensive terracing of the site in a period pre-dating the construction of the existing building (which dates to c1729) was noted. No evidence for any earlier activity was present.
Geophysical survey and standing remains recording by D Calow, A Hall and N Cowlard of SyAS. The geophysical survey was hampered by tree cover, but confirmed the existence of a second building to the east and suggested a series of hitherto unknown anomalies that might represent ditches, as well as indicating that demolition deposits could extend over a considerable area.
Resistivity survey by D Graham of SyAS over part of the former site of a Second World War prisoner of war camp. Evidence for structures, broadly correlating with those depicted on a 1942 plan of the site, was revealed.
Four seasons of excavation directed by D Calow of SyAS, following magnetometry and earlier trial trenching. A V-shaped Roman ditch, 2m wide x 1.2m deep, running east--west at the northern end of the site was found to continue into the neighbouring field where there was a second ditch alongside it on a slightly different alignment. The ditches may form the northern boundary of the Roman site. A Roman furnace was located that was similar to two previously identified, and which had an unusual 2m-long gully leading to the hearth.
Watching brief by D Calow of SyAS carried out on a narrow telephone cable trench. A number of structural features that possibly relate to a small mid-19th century cottage or outbuilding were revealed.
Test pitting by C Hayward of SyAS, produced a small quantity of pottery of Late Bronze Age, Middle Iron Age and late Roman date. (458)