Watching brief carried out by R and P Savage of SyAS, and assisted by A Norris, revealed that the remains of the stone medieval churchyard wall, probably dating to the 12th or 13th centuries, had been encased within a brick rebuilding of the wall in the post-medieval period. As a result of the watching brief and resultant discussions, the necessary repairs to the later brick wall were modified to encase and preserve the medieval remains.
Surrey Archaeological Society
Eight test pits dug by SyAS under the direction of R Savage (four at the White Hart, 150 High Street, together with three at The Old Vicarage and one at Lea Cottage, both in Church Street). A small amount of Late Saxon pottery was recovered in the two locations in Church Street, while stratified 12th century layers were revealed close to the High Street at the White Hart.
Excavation of a trench across the westernmost bell barrow on Horsell Common by volunteers from SyAS under the direction of D and A Graham, with further assistance from members of the Horsell Common Preservation Society. The work, carried out in advance of footpath diversion and restoration works, highlighted that the barrow had been subject to a large number of 19th and 20th century interventions, but that much of the original structure survived intact. See D Graham, A Graham, N P Branch and M Simmonds, this volume, 125-40. (435)
Watching brief carried out by R Savage of SyAS showed heavy contamination down to, and into, the natural sands and gravels by 19th century pits containing industrial and light-industrial waste.
Fieldwork carried out by W Mills with volunteer assistance under the overall direction of R Savage of SyAS to investigate any surviving contexts related to the discovery during fieldwalking in the 1920s and 30s of the Late Upper Palaeolithic flint blades now held in the British Museum as the Lawson Collection. Two transects of auger holes indicated the survival in parts of the site of late Ice Age soil horizons, but not close to the site of the flint discoveries.
Evaluation and watching brief by D and A Graham of SyAS. Little evidence for domestic occupation of the site prior to the 18th century was revealed, although geophysical survey showed an anomaly that might represent the line of the medieval former town ditch. However, examination of this possibility was beyond the scope of the investigation. Contractors' footings elsewhere on the site provided evidence that suggested some areas had been extensively terraced.
Watching brief by D and A Graham of SyAS. Evidence was noted that suggested the existing southern brick boundary wall of the site was built over, and followed the alignment of, a medieval ditch that probably marked the line of the original burgage plot, although evidence for a 15th-16th century structure across the feature suggested that the boundary was not a continuous survival, but had been reinstated at a later date.
Watching brief by D Graham of SyAS. The foundation trenches were filled with concrete prior to the site visit and little evidence of archaeological significance was revealed.
Watching brief by D and A Graham of SyAS. Evidence for extensive terracing of the site in a period pre-dating the construction of the existing building (which dates to c1729) was noted. No evidence for any earlier activity was present.
Watching brief by A Graham of SyAS. Two possible quarry pits of likely 18th/19th century date were revealed.