Former Netherne Hospital, Chipstead

Evaluation and excavation by J Stevenson and G Hayman of SCAU, for Gleeson Homes, in advance of residential development on the former hospital site. The evaluation was aimed at testing the results of an earlier geophysical survey, and revealed evidence of prehistoric and medieval activity. The subsequent excavation revealed a scatter of prehistoric features, including a ditch and two small pits. One of these produced a quantity of flint debitage, seemingly of Mesolithic date. Neolithic and Bronze Age flintwork was also recovered, while the ditch and other pit were of Bronze Age date. A few pieces of Roman tile and potsherds indicate activity of this date in the general area, but were not suggestive of settlement in the immediate vicinity. The principal area of interest, however, was in evidence of the medieval and post-medieval occupation of the site of Netherne Farm. The footings of the 16th century and later farmhouse were revealed, although evidence was found to indicate that a structure existed in this position from the 12th to 13th century onwards.