Buckland to Outwood water main

Evaluation and subsequent excavation by G Dawkes of ASE along the c17km route, from Buckland Pumping Station in the west to the Outwood Reservoir in the east. Two sites of particular archaeological significance were identified: a prehistoric and Roman site in the vicinity of Buckland village, immediately south of the A25, and a medieval site located to the north of Buckland, adjacent to Glebe House on Rectory Lane. At the south site, the earliest activity was a Neolithic/Early Bronze Age pit, although the most substantial occupation of the site was in the Roman period with successive enclosures straddling the Greensand ridge overlooking ‘the Sloughs’ stream to the west. The earlier Roman enclosure had evidence of domestic ironworking/smithing, possibly relating to a farmstead. The medieval site adjacent to Glebe House was characterised by an intensive period of occupation during the 13th century with a succession of timber-framed buildings demonstrated by the survival of masonry sill wall foundations. This occupation is interpreted as relating to the original core of the village and the most likely location of the Late Anglo-Saxon settlement. With its demise in the 14th century, the focus of the village appears to have shifted c 800m south to the top of the Greensand ridge where the present village green is located today. Other than these two sites, very little of archaeological interest was found along the pipeline route.