Watching brief by R Poulton and S Hind of SCAU, for Sutton & East Surrey Water Company, on the groundworks associated with the construction of a water pipeline between Buckland and Lower Kingswood. No features of archaeological significance were revealed. However, a small amount of worked flints was recovered, including some of probable Mesolithic or Neolithic date.
Evaluation by R Poulton of SCAU, for Gosterwood Estates, on the site of a proposed lake. No features of archaeological interest were revealed, although a single worked flint blade of probable Neolithic or Mesolithic date was found.
Evaluation and subsequent excavation by T Carew of PCA in advance of the construction of a new prison. A palaeochannel, probably dating to the late glacial to early post-glacial period, cut through the centre of the excavated area. A probable early Mesolithic flint blade was recovered from near the channel, although it was found in a later context. The earliest of the cut features was a pit with a probable placed deposit of early Neolithic flintwork. This was adjacent to a middle to Late Neolithic ring ditch, interpreted as either a hengiform monument or a barrow.
Excavation by P Jones of SCAU and C Green of Archaeoscape of a series of test pits before and after the standing buildings had been demolished, confirmed that the site was prone to flooding and would not have been dry enough for permanent occupation until reclamation of the land at a relatively recent date.
Continuing excavation and fieldwalking by Plateau recovered further finds of worked flint of Lower Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age date, while pottery dating to the Bronze Age, Iron Age, Romano-British, Saxon, medieval and post-medieval periods was also found. A large Neolithic or Bronze Age leaf-shaped arrowhead and a probable Bronze Age pendant were among the finds. Features on the site included a probable late Roman farmstead enclosure, and a Mesolithic tree-throw pit shelter with rubbish pit.
Survey undertaken under the direction of C Currie of CKCA, as part of the Community Archaeology Project for SCC and SyAS, to assess whether the study area was suitable for designation as an ASHLV. Both documentary research and fieldwork added greatly to existing knowledge of the area, and highlighted the presence of a range of archaeological remains dating from the Palaeolithic through to the Second World War.
Fieldwalking survey by T Howe of SCC. A training exercise in conjunction with D & A Graham of SyAS catalogued a large amount of material, the results of which were plotted out to identify more precisely the location of the large Roman villa complex, known to exist in the area following excavations in 1888-9. Evidence for a probable Mesolithic site was also identified. (362)
Continuing excavation by P Harp of Plateau of the multi-period site revealed mainly post-glacial lithics of Mesolithic to Bronze Age date, but with occasional suspected Palaeolithic struck flint. A small quantity of Iron Age and Bronze Age pottery was also recovered.
Excavation by P Harp of Plateau and J Scott-Jackson of Oxford University of five test pits recovered 25 pieces of Lower Palaeolithic struck flint, and a moderate quantity of post-glacial struck flint. The Palaeolithic flint was mainly debitage and mostly from ploughsoil, but also from the underlying clay-with-flints, and had no obvious clast orientation. Soil samples were taken for analysis.
Evaluation by M Dover of SCAU prior to the construction of an extension to the Swan Centre. A single flint tool of Mesolithic or early Neolithic flint was recovered, although this was found within the subsoil rather than any apparent feature. Nothing further of archaeological note was revealed.