18th century

Ewell Gunpowder Mills

Excavation by S Nelson and D Hartley of EEHAS. The remains of some of the buildings associated with the gunpowder mills that operated along this upper reach of the Hogsmill river during the 18th and 19th centuries, until the mills closed in c1875, were revealed. Work took place in the area of the Corning House and Mills buildings shown on the 1866 OS map. A plan of 1863 notes those furthest downstream as the Incorporating Mills. Recording concentrated on the Incorporating Mills site where works exposed stretches of brickwork in the left bank of the river.

Granary Cottage, Kings Cross Lane, Nutfield

Evaluation of 18th century (with a later 18th century extension and 20th century domestic additions) granary by M Higgins of SCC as part of procedure for listed building consent. The timber-frame granary was two storey, above an originally open-sided cartshed, initially three-bay and later extended to four bays. The original location of the central first floor doorway was identified from the wall and floor framing.

St Catherine’s Chapel, Guildford

Excavation by D Calow of SyAS to test one of the anomalies revealed during a resistivity survey 20m to the east of the chapel in 2008. Three pits were revealed, containing finds suggestive of an 18th century date and possibly related to the annual fair. Worked flint consistent with reports of Mesolithic material discovered in the area in 1976 was recovered, but the anomaly noted during the previous survey was thought to have been caused by the underlying geology. (Bulletin 422)

Land at Park Road, Stanwell

Evaluation by R Humphrey of PCA revealed a posthole, suggested to be post-medieval, and a shallow ditch. The ditch is considered to have existed as a property or field boundary during the 18th to 20th centuries as it is visible on historic maps, but finds recovered from could indicate that it was older, and further work (a watching brief) is proposed.

15 High Street, Stanwell

Soil stripping, mapping and sampling by Z Pozorski of AS adjoining an area of excavation undertaken by PCA in 2002 (SyAC 91, 271) which had revealed evidence of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval activity. A large, late medieval (15th century) pit, two undated pits, and two or possibly three late 18th/19th century soakways were revealed. The investigation did not reveal continuation of linear features discovered in 2002, possibly because of truncation caused by a recently demolished building.

Land to north and south of M25, Downside, near Cobham

Investigation by D Britchfield of WA in advance of the construction of a Motorway Service Area comprising an evaluation to the north of the motorway, and a soil stripping, mapping and sampling exercise to its south in an area where evaluation by ASE in 2007 had revealed possible deposits of prehistoric origin. The soil stripping, mapping and sampling exercise revealed a post-medieval ditch, suggested to be a remnant of an 18th century field system, but no further evidence of the admittedly ambiguous features identified in 2007.


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