Soil stripping, mapping and sampling by I Howell of MOLA. The work comprised Phase I of the mitigation programme necessitated by the results of the evaluation in 2008. The remains of 25 urned cremations of probable Late Iron Age/Early Roman date were revealed in a cluster, with an additional seven features interpreted as un-urned cremations of a similar period. A further four discrete features separated from the main cluster were thought to be un-urned cremations, and a single long bone within another feature was tentatively identified as a possible inhumation burial.
Museum of London Archaeology
Evaluation by H Knight of MOLA revealed an alluvial or colluvial layer likely to have been deposited through the later prehistoric period, but no features of archaeological interest. An area of hardstanding partially surrounded by a brick wall foundation is likely to have been built in the 20th century, but probably later than the construction of the adjacent Brooklands racing circuit.
Rough records located by J F Cotton of a c4m deep RB shaft or well dug out by treasure hunters.
Evaluation and watching brief by the South-East London Archaeological Unit of the former school site, for Rydon Construction Ltd. The site lies just outside the area of the medieval town of Reigate and adjacent to Reigate Castle. Two small gullies of 13th to 14th century date and a pit of similar date were recorded. The medieval features are suggested to relate to expansion of the town westward in the 13th and 14th centuries. The site was used subsequently as farmland. (305)
An evaluation by H Knight of MoLAS, for Sandville Properties, in advance of redevelopment, revealed a number of features, mostly gulleys and pits, which were undated but thought to be prehistoric and probably associated with the field system identified at the adjoining Cargo Point site. In addition, brick structures and pits of 18th century date, associated with the settlement of West Bedfont, were identified.
Evaluation by N Elsden of MoLAS, for Lynton plc and Birse Construction, of a site proposed for redevelopment, revealed a number of features thought to indicate the remains of a prehistoric field system. Excavation and a watching brief on the development was subsequently carried out by H Knight of MoLAS. At least two phases of Middle Bronze Age activity were recorded, relating to the division of the area into fields. Subsequently, in the medieval period, the area was again divided into fields.
Survey by T P Smith of MoLAS of buildings to be demolished as part of the redevelopment of Eashing Mill. The buildings were the remnants of the main mill building and two conjoined cottages to the north west. The style of the mill building, and its use of two-tone brickwork, belongs to the second half of the 19th century, probably to the last quarter of that century. The cottages are so close in style to the mill building that they were almost certainly built at more or less the same time - perhaps as a single project.
Evaluation by C Cowan and S Jones of MoLAS, for Antler Homes, in advance of construction of a replacement house within the hillfort. The trial trenching revealed late post-medieval remains including a brick and tile drain and a small area of sunken brick flooring, but no evidence for earlier activity.
Watching brief by S Mead of MoLAS, for Sandville Properties, following on from evaluation of the site in 1997. Both this evaluation and investigations at the adjacent Cargo Point development in 1997 had revealed a number of features of possible prehistoric and post-medieval date. The watching brief demonstrated that the majority of archaeological activity was concentrated at the northern end of the development site, where what appeared to be a series of boundary or roadside ditches were recorded. These ditches were also seen on the adjacent site and are thought to be of 18th century date.
Evaluation by G Potter of MoLAS, for Taylor Woodrow Developments Ltd, in advance of office development. No archaeological features or finds were encountered, although the site was found to relatively undisturbed.