Survey of the historical landscape of Claremont Park and its environs by C Currie of CKC Archaeology for the National Trust. The survey looked at both the development of the Claremont estate from the early 18th century, and the landscape of the area before this period. The estate is sited on sandy soils on marginal land on the northern edge of Esher Common. Early colonisation of the site would have been likely because of the initial ease of cultivation, but rapid leaching of the soils probably led to its abandonment. By the time of the Norman conquest, at least the southern part of the estate comprised mainly woodland adjoining the sandy heath of the common, and from this landscape features on the edges of the later Claremont estate can still be identified.