Two phases of evaluation by S Mounce of WA in in advance of flood protection, landscaping, tip remediation and redevelopment alongside the Hoe Stream. The first phase revealed a significant depth of alluvial deposits, late 19th and early 20th artefacts likely to have been washed up and deposited by the Hoe in a trench closest to the modern path of the stream, but no deposits of archaeological interest. The second phase revealed alluvial layers within all of the trenches, confirming that the site historically lay within the floodplain.
Evaluation by J Martin of WA revealed nothing of archaeological interest in the majority of trenches, but one trench within the north of the site and close to an area where previous fieldwalking had recovered a concentration of Bronze Age material revealed two ditches which it was not possible to date and a small pit that contained a sherd of pottery dated to the Iron Age. These features may represent the periphery of any potential archaeological focus present to the north.
Evaluation by N Randall of SCAU revealed a large tree throw hole containing Mesolithic flint, a substantial prehistoric ditch, Bronze Age and Iron Age gullies, a large medieval pit and a post-medieval stone capped culvert. The evaluation illustrated that archaeological deposits lie at a depth that will not be impacted on by the majority of groundworks involved in the development proposal, and they will be preserved in situ underneath it. Those parts of the site where the development had the potential to impact on deposits were subject to a watching brief by N Randall.
Watching brief by T Munnery of SCAU during construction of an artificial pitch on and adjoining the Scheduled Caesar’s Camp, following evaluation in 2008. The design of the pitch was changed after the evaluation to maximise the preservation in situ of deposits indicated to be present, with the majority of the impact of the development not extending below the subsoil.
Soil stripping, mapping and sampling by I Howell of MOLA. The work comprised Phase I of the mitigation programme necessitated by the results of the evaluation in 2008. The remains of 25 urned cremations of probable Late Iron Age/Early Roman date were revealed in a cluster, with an additional seven features interpreted as un-urned cremations of a similar period. A further four discrete features separated from the main cluster were thought to be un-urned cremations, and a single long bone within another feature was tentatively identified as a possible inhumation burial.
Evaluation by T Munnery of SCAU revealed a prehistoric (probably late Neolithic or Bronze Age) pit, pottery of Iron Age date, and a section of an inhumation containing the lower half of a human skeleton of Saxon date. The surface of a possible linear feature was noted to be cut by the inhumation. The feature, and the majority of the inhumation were not excavated, but a whetstone and iron knife lying close to the skeleton pelvis were removed. A subsequent excavation revealed a total of 18 inhumations.
Two seasons of excavation (1975 and 1977) by F.H. Thompson for the Society of Antiquaries and SyAS concentrated on the defences and a number of anomalies indicated by gradiometer survey by A.J. Clark. The defences consisted of a single stone-faced rampart and a V-shaped ditch, possibly right round the promontory. The primary ditch silt on the south-east side was sampled for Mr Clark's sediment dating programme.
The lower half of a Bargate quernstone of c 2nd century BC found several years ago in deep ploughing, reported (Feb 1978) by Ann Watson. (144)
Excavation (Mar 1978) by M.G. O'Connell for SyAS and DOE located LBA or EIA pottery and associated features in an area much disturbed in modern times. (155)
Excavation (1946-9, by T.K. Walls) of part of a 'native' farmstead of 1st century BC and 1st century AD, with residual material of late 5th and 4th century BC, reported by J.F. Cotton. Notable finds include 9 inscribed bone counters, (Britannia 8 (1977), 445 and fig 30). (145; report in SyAC 88, 1-42)