Bronze Age

Reigate Road Quarry (Franks’ Sandpit), Betchworth

A field survey, watching brief and excavation by J Perry of SutAS was undertaken in advance of sand extraction and close to a prehistoric and Roman site previously excavated by D Williams. The field survey and watching brief revealed quantities of Neolithic and Bronze Age struck flint, burnt flint and some Mesolithic struck flint. A small quantity of Bronze Age, Roman and medieval pottery was also recovered. These finds were spread over the whole field though there was a concentration of finds, particularly Bronze Age, at the highest point.

Hawks Hill House, Guildford Road, Leatherhead

Evaluation by J Stevenson of ASE in advance of residential redevelopment involved the excavation of eight trenches. One revealed an undated tree bole; a second, two pits/postholes and a gully all of probable prehistoric date, and a grave of probable Anglo-Saxon date excavated in the 19th or early 20th century; a third, four small pits, three of prehistoric date, and one of Early/mid-Iron Age date, and two very large pits of later Iron Age date thought to be used for grain storage.

Manor Park, Guildford

Excavation by J Pine of TVAS on the site of the proposed University of Surrey expansion area. Three possible buildings, a four-post structure, isolated postholes, pits and gullies were recorded in one distinct area, together with isolated postholes, ditches and a gully. The majority of these features contained pottery, which was similar in type to that found during the 2002 evaluation, being of Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age date.

Land adjoining Horton Hospital, Long Grove Road, Epsom

Evaluation and excavation by J Stevenson of ASE in advance of the construction of a new school. Detailed analysis is not yet complete, but preliminary results suggest that the truncated linear features revealed may represent field systems or other agricultural activity, provisionally of Bronze Age date. Postholes and a small number of pits probably represent temporary shelters/structures and associated activity rather than a main settlement.

1–35 and 55–66 Thamesmead, Walton-on-Thames

Evaluation by G Hayman of SCAU in advance of the first phase of residential redevelopment revealed a small number of unstratified struck and burnt flints, unstratified fragments of medieval/post-medieval roof tile, and a Roman cremation burial contained within an Alice Holt plain jar of late 2nd/3rd century date. It is possible that further cremations and other forms of burial may survive within the redevelopment area, and further archaeological work is planned.

Whiteley Village, Weybridge

Evaluation by M Dover of SCAU of further areas of the site, following previous work over the last two years on another part of the Whiteley Village redevelopment. Five trenches were excavated, but only one ditch of possible antiquity was revealed. The ditch could not be dated securely but a possible Bronze Age flint recovered from the fill may point to a prehistoric origin.

Chatley Farm, Cobham

Field survey by A and D Graham and members of SyAS around the site of a bath house of 4th century date excavated by S Frere in 1949. The concentrations of Roman material recovered originate from the bath house, and there were no other indications of further buildings being present, thus confirming earlier conclusions that any villa is likely to have been washed away by the action of the nearby river.

Farnham Quarry, Farnham

Controlled stripping by P Jones of SCAU during quarry operations on areas D and E. A number of geological features were exposed, although no definite archaeological evidence was seen beyond the presence of a post-medieval drain. A sherd of Bronze Age pottery recovered from a tree-throw hollow, two sherds of probable Late Iron Age–Early Roman pottery from the surface of one of the geological features, and a single long-blade flint of Upper Palaeolithic type were the only artefacts recovered.

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