Bronze Age

Common Field, Old Reigate Road, Betchworth

Evaluation by R Entwistle of BAS on the opposite side of the road to the Telex Field site where excavation in 2007 had produced evidence of multi-period activity (SyAC 95, 309). The distribution of features and finds uncovered during the work in 2007 suggested that the remains were likely to extend into the Common Field, but contrary to these expectations, almost all the trenches were devoid of features. The only feature of certain archaeological origin was a shallow, heavily truncated pit containing the fragmentary remains of a Late Bronze Age pottery vessel.

High Beeches, Hawk’s Hill, Leatherhead

Evaluation by N Randall of SCAU revealed two pits. Finds including struck and burnt flints and a pottery sherd of possible Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age date were present in and above the fills of the pits, but the recovery of brick, tile and slate from the fills suggests that the pits are of recent origin. Further finds of struck flint were recovered within a layer of redeposited soil used to level the site for the tennis court, but it is not clear whether this material originated from the site or was introduced from elsewhere.

Land at Epsom Road, Merrow

Evaluation by R Entwistle and P Jones of SCAU prior to the creation of a golf course. The area of holes 10–18 was examined. The larger part of the evaluation area of hole 10 was negative, although a small number of features apparently of Iron Age to Early Roman date were revealed. Holes 11–18 were examined in 2007, but unreported at the time. A small number of prehistoric features were revealed. Additional trial trenching by N Shaikhley was carried out in the vicinity of the suspected flint mines revealed during the evaluation of 2007.

Land at Epsom Road, Merrow

Soil-stripping, mapping and sampling by J Robertson and N Randall of SCAU, during the creation of a park and ride facility, following evaluation in 2007. A comparatively large number of Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age features were revealed, including pits, ditches and stakeholes. Evidence of activity from the Neolithic to Early Iron Age was evident in the finds assemblage.

Manor Park, Guildford

Watching brief by J McNicoll-Norbury of TVAS during stripping for a soil storage area. The truncated remains of a Bronze Age pottery vessel – possibly a placed deposit – were revealed, together with a small ditch that contained medieval pottery. See TVAS monograph 11

Loseley Park

Watching brief by G Rapson of MOLA during underground cabling works. An area of Bronze Age activity in the form of a layer containing pottery and worked flints was revealed, as well as four undated field ditches and an apparent flint structure – also undated. A limited programme of fieldwork carried out concurrently nearby provided further evidence for prehistoric activity, as well as occasional Roman pottery.

St Ann’s Heath School, Sandhills Lane, Virginia Water

Evaluation by R Lambert of SCAU prior to residential redevelopment of a former playing field. A Mesolithic feature and a Bronze Age cremation represented the only earlier prehistoric activity on the site. However, a number of postholes and a large pit were dated to the Middle Iron Age and indicated an intensification of activity during this period. It was considered that these features may relate to a settlement of this date in the area – possibly in areas adjacent to the site developed for housing prior to PPG16 and therefore not investigated.


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