Evaluation and excavation by J Robertson of SCAU prior to development of the rear of the property. Deposits and structural features (including the remains of walls) were revealed, suggesting occupation on the site from the 12th century onwards.
Reigate & Banstead
Ongoing research excavation by P Harp of Plateau continued to recover later prehistoric artefacts. In the 2003 season, approximately 100 pieces of struck flint and ten sherds of late prehistoric pottery were recovered from just beneath the plough-soil. An additional test pit was excavated as part of the Time Team `Big Dig’; finds consisted mainly of Bronze Age struck flint, one sherd of Bronze Age pottery, one rim sherd of Late Roman pottery and three fragments of medieval roof tile
Evaluation by P Askew of MoLAS revealed no finds or features of interest, with the site having been heavily landscaped, most likely in the 1920s. A geoarchaeological assessment of the underlying Clay-with-Flints subsoil did, however, provide useful information relating to the formation of these deposits.
Research excavation by P Harp of Plateau. Approximately 200 Lower or Middle Palaeolithic pieces of struck flint were recovered, mainly from what was interpreted as the disturbed boundary zone between Clay-with-Flints and a loessic deposit under the plough-soil. A quantity of post-glacial lithics was also recovered. In addition to the note in 2003 (SyAC 90, 353), it should be reported that one of the surface finds was a Levallois core.
Watching brief by R Lambert of SCAU during the excavation of service and drainage trenches relating to the construction of a new toilet block. No features were revealed, but a small quantity of human bone, likely to be relatively recent, was collected. A few stray finds, including a flint flake likely to be of Neolithic or Bronze Age date, and clay pipe, were retrieved from the spoil.
Evaluation and building recording by C Currie of CKCA. No finds or features of archaeological interest were noted during the evaluation work, with the majority of the site having been terraced previously. Recording work concentrated on a locally listed barn built in the second half of the 19th century, which was found to be of an unusual type, showing influences possibly indicative of new construction methods inspired by industrial techniques rather than rural tradition
Geophysical survey carried out by GeoQuest Associates as part of preliminary work prior to a proposed housing development. A number of weak anomalies were detected, although the only features identified with any confidence were a short section of silted ditch or river meander together with some areas of burning, and a possible section of bank and ditch.
During the winter of 2009-2010 a topographical survey of the barrow cemetery on Reigate Heath commenced. This area is centred at TQ 237504, and there are eight scheduled mounds. None of these mounds can be certainly identified as Bronze Age barrows although in the early 19th century a number of mounds were used to plant conifer clumps and finds in two of these suggested that they were burial mounds (Glover 1814). It is also possible that natural dunes and ridges of harder rock were used and the monuments cannot now be identified by above ground evidence alone.