Runfold, Farnham Quarry (formerly referred to as Runfold Farm Pit)

A watching brief carried out during stripping of the site in advance of mineral extraction was followed by an excavation by G Hayman of SCAU later in the year. This extended considerably the area of excavation carried out the previous year. The archaeological work has revealed a variety of features of Late Iron Age and Early Roman origin. These features include numerous ditches, which form parts of field systems and settlement enclosures, with evidence for trackways with ditches to either side. A total of eighteen round houses have been identified, all with entrances to the south-east, where identifiable. Other features include the expected range of pits, and post holes, as well as several substantial waterholes (wells). The development of the settlement over several centuries is implied, and it is hoped that analysis of the finds and features will enable the sequence to be sorted out. Similar enclosed settlements were found a short distance to the north east during the construction of the Runfold Diversion (Blackwater Valley) road system. There were few finds apart from the pottery, which includes interesting assemblages of Iron Age and 1st century Roman material. The latter is almost exclusively of Alice Holt types, and there are a number of definite wasters, although no kilns or kiln debris were found in the excavations.